Fertilizing Trees And Shrubs – How To Make The Right Choice

What exactly is a tree? How are trees different from plants, sunflowers, grasses, and other varieties of vegetation? The answers to those questions appear fairly obvious at first glance. Let us look a bit deeper to uncover some interesting characteristics of trees, fruit trees, bushes, and even woody vines.

First, trees and shrubs are classified as “heterophytes” which simply means that they form a community with multiple stems and branches. Most plants form a single stem cluster or “flower” but trees and shrubs can form networks of numerous, flowering buds or even a single trunk with multiple stems. Additionally, trees may have multiple leaves on one single stem or a trunk, while shrubs may have only one or two leaves.

Second, trees and shrubs have trunks that are generally straight, while grasses and other vegetation have a variety of shapes ranging from the somewhat rounded to the very unique and odd. For example, an apple tree has a rather round trunk diameter while a crabapple tree has a very odd and unique shape. Additionally, a pine tree has a rather narrow trunk diameter while a vineyard bush has a rather wide and shapely trunk diameter. Finally, a pear tree has a rather flat trunk shape with a slightly curved base and a rather large size as well as narrow width.

Third, trees and shrubs have a strong and sturdy outer bark which separates the softer woody parts of the plant from the tougher outer bark. This is called the “cambium”. Cambiums provide a strong and resistant outer shell for the tree and its objects. The softer inner bark on the other hand provides the insulation and water-absorbing capacity of the plant. A variety of trees and shrubs do not have any cambiums and instead, have tough and fibrous outer bark.

Fourth, fertilizing trees and shrubs requires knowledge and specific know-how. Not all shrub species are the same; as a result, there are two different types of fertilizers available on the market today: organic and inorganic. Organic fertilizers are much more popular as they are safe for the environment as they do not cause any harmful side effects while inorganic fertilizers are more effective but highly toxic. As a rule of thumb, it is best to fertilize trees growing in the eastern U.S. with inorganic fertilizer while western U.S. states should be treated with organic fertilizers.

Trees and shrubs are beautiful additions to your landscaping area and can make a difference in the overall landscape design. If you are a Horticultural professional in trade looking for commercial trees & shrubs on Long Island NY, Hicks Commercial Sales has everything you need!


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